Rural Fire Department Resources for Local Officials
Information and Funding Resources Available for Rural Fire Departments
- Planning Resources
- Funding and Program Assistance
- Training Resources
- Statistics and Data Resources
- Additional Resources
There is a wide range of information available regarding all aspects of fire department operation including funding sources for operations, facilities, firefighter equipment, fire trucks and training, and first responder emergencies. This Online guide includes general rural fire information, training programs, statistical information and publications on fire-related issues. This online guide was originally developed by the Rural Information Center in 2006. This was updated and last modified: August, 2015
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- Mitigation of the Rural Fire Problem Strategies Based on Original Research and Adaptation of Existing Best PracticesU.S. Fire Administration. December 2007. [PDF 3.4 MB]
- Developing Effective Standard Operating Procedures for Fire & EMS Departments U.S. Fire Administration.[PDF 658.04 KB]
- Fire Protection in Rural Areas: Dry Hydrants for PondsOhio State University Fact Sheet
- Fire Research and Management Exchange System "...a method of exchanging information and transferring technology"
- Fire Videos and Webinars Archive the Fire Research and Management Exchange System is "cataloging and archiving videos, webinars and other presentations hosted by its various partners".
- Special Report: Risk Management Planning for Hazardous Materials: What It Means for Fire Service Planning. U.S. Fire Administration. USFA-TR-124/January 2003 [PDF File 257.4KB]
- National Fire Protection Association Home Page
- National Volunteer Fire Council
- Firefighter protective equipment and clothing research U.S. Fire Administration and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
- Rural Fire Prevention Checklist U.S. Fire Administration.[PDF File 175.72KB]
- Water Supply Standard Operating Procedures Manual, Mechanicsville, MD Example [PDF 721.05KB]
- United States Fire Administration
- Public Fire Education Planning for Rural Communities:A Five-Step Process U.S. Fire Administration, 2007.[PDF File 729.77KB]
Funding and Program Assistance
There are different forms of funding programs available to rural fire departments including grants, loans, donations, and reimbursements. Consult grant writing resources for assistance in preparing successful proposals and in obtaining funding applications and information for obtaining a DUNS number that is required of all organizations/entities applying for a federal grant or cooperation agreement.
Guides to Federal Programs
- Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance:
- Search using Keywords Emergency Preparedness and Fire Protection
- United States Fire Administration, Grants and Funding Alternatives
- Funding Alternatives for Fire and Emergency Services, 2012.[PDF 3.7 MB]
- Federal Government Funding Fact Sheet - National Volunteer Fire Council list of major programs with web links.
U.S. Department of Agriculture
- Forest Service
- Healthy Forests and Rangelands
A joint program with the USDA, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Interior and the National Association of State Foresters for wildland fire issues. National Fire Plan projects included.
- Federal Excess Personal Property Program - Federal personal property that was originally purchased for use by a Federal agency and acquired by the USDA Forest Service for loan to one of the 50 States or 6 Territories for use in the State's rural or wildland fire protection program.
- Volunteer Fire Assistance Program This program provides Federal financial, technical, and other assistance to State foresters to train, and equip fire departments in rural areas and rural communities of 10,000 or less population. The funding must be matched on a 50-50% basis by non-federal dollars or in-kind.
- Rural Development
- Community Facilities Loans and Grants Program Offers loans and grants to construct, enlarge, extend, or otherwise improve community facilities providing essential services to rural residents for projects that will enhance public safety such as fire stations, fire trucks, and rescue vehicles.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency
- U.S. Fire Administration
- U.S. Fire Administration Grants and Funding page
- Assistance to Firefighters Grant provides direct assistance to fire departments of a State or tribal nation.
- Reimbursement for Firefighting on Federal Property provides that each fire service organization which engages in firefighting operations on Federal property may be reimbursed for their direct expenses and direct losses.
- Staffing for Adequate Fire & Emergency Response Grants "provide funding directly to fire departments and volunteer firefighter interest organizations to help them increase or maintain the number of trained, "front line" firefighters available in their communities"
- The National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) is a cooperative asset-sharing program among Federal government agencies, state and local governments, and the private businesses and civilian volunteers to ensure resources are available to provide medical services following a disaster that overwhelms the local health care resources.
- Fire Prevention & Safety Grants "support projects that enhance the safety of the public and firefighters from fire and related hazards. The primary goal is to target high-risk populations and mitigate high incidences of death and injury."
U.S. Department of Interior
- Healthy Forests and Rangelands
An interagency program with the USDA, Forest Service, U.S. Department of the Interior and the National Association of State Foresters for wildland fire issues. Includes National Fire Plan projects.
- Bureau of Indian Affairs-Branch of Wildland Fire Management "protecting lives, property, and resources while restoring and maintaining healthy ecosystems through cost-effective and creative fire-management programs, collaboration, and promoting Indian self-determination." Contact: 208-387-5575
U.S. Department of Justice
- Fire and Arson Investigation "Fire and arson investigators examine the physical attributes of a fire scene and identify and collect physical evidence from the scene. This evidence is then analyzed to help determine if the cause of the fire was accidental or deliberate."
- Emergency Responder Chemical and Biological Equipment Guides and Database "These guides and searchable database on this CD-ROM were developed to aid emergency first responders in their evaluation and purchase of chemical and biological detection, personal protective, and communications equipment."
U.S. Department of Transportation
- Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Grant (HMEP) and Hazardous Liquid and Natural Gas Grant
- The HMEP grant program is intended to provide financial and technical assistance as well as national direction and guidance to enhance State, Territorial, Tribal, and local hazardous materials emergency planning and training
- "Hazardous Liquid and Natural Gas grant programs include the award of grants to State agencies which are certified in the Pipeline Safety Program."
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- Local Governments Reimbursement Program This program provides Federal funds to local governments for costs related to temporary emergency measures conducted in response to releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances.
U.S. General Service Administration
- Federal Surplus Personal Property Donation Program For State Agencies and Public Organizations "enables certain nonfederal organizations to obtain personal property that the federal government no longer needs."
U.S. Housing and Urban Development
- Indian Community Development Block Grant (ICDBG Program) Offers block grants to Indian tribes and Alaska Native villages to improve their communities including building or improving fire stations.
- Office of Native American Programs (ONAP) These offices distribute ICDBG funds
- State Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Program Community Development Block Grant funds provide eligible communities with annual direct grants that they can use for community projects, including fire and life safety protection.
Private Funding Programs
- The First Responder Institute "Coordinate with local fire and police department's relief and grants-in-aid programs."
- First Responder Institute
15312 Spencerville Court, Suite 100
Burtonsville, Maryland 20866
general phone: 301.421.4433
Staff training is an important part of all fire department programs. There are many sources of information and training available to the rural fire department, including libraries, networks, courses, and more. Below are links to get started in or enhance a training program.
- National Fire Academy (NFA) Training Assistance "There are no tuition fees for NFA courses. All instruction and course materials are provided at no cost. Most of the transportation costs and lodging for students who represent career or volunteer fire departments, rescue squads, or State/local governments attending on-campus courses are currently provided as part of funding under the student stipend reimbursement program. Students from other countries, other Federal agencies, private industry, or contractors of State/local fire departments or government entities must pay their own transportation and lodging fees."
- Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs "Federal Emergency Management Agency's Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities that reduce disaster losses and protect life and property from future disaster damages. Currently, FEMA administers the following HMA grant programs": Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP); Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM); and Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA)
- Preparedness (Non-Disaster) Grants Federal Emergency Management Agency "provides state and local governments with preparedness program funding in the form of Non-Disaster Grants to enhance the capacity of state and local emergency responders to prevent, respond to, and recover from a weapons of mass destruction terrorism incident involving chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive devices and cyber attacks."
- Fire Engineering / Firefighters Support Foundation – "free training programs that address basic and advanced fire service topics. Targeted at both agency trainers and individuals, most programs include a video and PowerPoint presentation."
- Coffee Break Training U.S. Fire Administration. "Fire and emergency medical services personnel with busy daily schedules often don't have time to attend valuable skill-enhancing training sessions, so the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) is providing Coffee Break Training bulletins for you to read and enjoy during your daily break. These one-page training notices provide technical training and administrative tips. Each notice includes a photograph or drawing that illustrates the point of the training lesson."
- Critical Infrastructure Protection, Emergency Management and Response - Information Sharing and Analysis Center (EMR-ISAC) "U.S. Fire Administration's Emergency Management and Response - Information Sharing and Analysis Center provides the Emergency Services Sector with threat, vulnerability and critical infrastructure protection information through Department of Homeland Security information sharing mechanisms, and provides no-cost technical assistance critical infrastructure protection consultation services to Emergency Services Sector leaders."
- U.S. Fire Administration's Library "...provides information and resources on fire, emergency management and other all-hazards subjects. With our collection of more than 208,000 books, reports, audiovisual materials and indexed articles, the Library supports National Emergency Training Center student and faculty research, classroom lectures, and development of course materials. We invite you to access our Online Public Access Catalog to perform literature searches of our collections."
- "Training Resources and Data Exchange (TRADE) program "...is a regionally based network designed to foster the exchange of fire-related training information and resources among Federal, State, and local levels of government."
- Fitness Publications/Brochures and General Information U.S. Forest Service Fire & Avaiation Management.
- FireFit ProgramNational Interagency Fire Center (NIFC). "...a comprehensive, easy-to-follow, fitness program with the ultimate goal of improving firefighter safety and health and reducing injuries."
Statistics and Data Resources
- Fire on the Web National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
- Fire Statistics U.S. Fire Administration
- National Interagency Fire Center
- Rural Information Center's Rural Emergency Responders Page
- Congressional Fire Services Institute
- Fire Adapted Communities"A Fire Adapted Community takes responsibility for its wildfire risk." Hosts guides and tools. Includes a Funding Page: http://www.fireadapted.org/resources/funding-opportunities.aspx
- Fire Safety Resources U.S. Department of Labor
- Firewise Communities
- Institute for Rural Emergency Management (IREM)
- National Interagency Coordination Center (NICC). National Multi-Agency Coordination Group (NMAC). "the focal point for coordinating the mobilization of resources for wildland fire and other incidents throughout the United States."
- Nation Fire News from the National Fire Information Center.
- Rural Fire Safety National Fire Protection Association, Published on May 18, 2010
- Protecting Emergency Responders: Lessons Learned from Terrorist Attacks
- Protecting Emergency Responders, Volume 2: Community Views of Safety and Health Risks and Personal Protection Needs
- Fire Management TodayU.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service
- U.S. Fire Administration Publications